Trump i Kina…November 10, 2017 | Magnus Nilsson, Frihandelsbloggen
USA:s president Donald Trump har varit i Kina och bland annat talat om handel.
Hans mest uppmärksammade uttalande var att han inte klandrar Kina för USA:s underskott i handelsbalansen. I stället menade Trump att hans företrädare var skyldiga.
Men förutom de politiska deklarationerna gjordes affärsöverenskommelser på kring 250 miljarder dollar. Hur stor del av detta som kommer att förverkligas är en annan fråga.
”Donald Trump blamed his predecessors for the US’s widening trade deficit with China, praising Xi Jinping and telling an audience in Beijing he did not “blame” Chinese leaders for “taking advantage” of Washington.
In a striking change of tone from the US president, who portrayed China as an economic bogeyman throughout last year’s election campaign, Mr Trump appeared at pains to rekindle the bonhomie that characterised the leaders’ first meeting at his Florida compound in April, a tenor that quickly deteriorated over North Korea.
Although Mr Trump has been welcomed with a state dinner and extensive pomp, Mr Trump’s personal warmth towards Mr Xi was not reciprocated, with the Chinese leader using far more restrained language in his own comments.
“It’s a very good chemistry between the two of us, believe me,” said Mr Trump. “After all, who can blame a country for being able to take advantage of another country for the benefit of its citizens. I give China great credit. In actuality, I blame past [US] administrations for allowing this out-of-control trade deficit to take place and to grow.”
Despite the personal outreach, Mr Trump still used his remarks to push Beijing to rebalance their countries’ “out-of-kilter” economic relationship and “quickly” break the impasse over North Korea’s nuclear and missile development programmes.
“Trade between China and the US has not been over recent years very fair for the US,” the US president said after a morning of meetings with his Chinese counterpart. “We must immediately address the unfair practices that drove [our trade] deficit along with barriers to market access.”
Mr Trump thanked Mr Xi for China’s efforts to restrict its trading and financial relationships with North Korea but implied Beijing could do more. “China can fix this [North Korea] problem easily and quickly,” Mr Trump told an audience of US and Chinese officials and business executives. “I know one thing about your president, if he works on it hard it will happen. There’s no doubt about it.”
Mr Xi did not respond to Mr Trump’s challenges directly, instead highlighting how successful US car companies had been in China and the number of jobs created by Chinese investors in the US. “We will never close our doors,” he said. “They will only open wider and wider.”
“Co-operation is the only viable choice,” Mr Xi said. ”
”BEIJING — President Trump’s $250 billion in Chinese business deals probably won’t be enough to stop a trade fight.
Mr. Trump met with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, in Beijing on Thursday, offering personal praise and qualified criticisms of China’s trade practices. China, in return, offered modest concessions on some thorny trade issues. The two sides also pointed to what they claimed were billions of dollars of deals between Chinese and American companies to show face-saving progress.
But behind the scenes, Washington and Beijing are gearing up for what may well be months of contentious relations between the world’s two largest trading partners.
After initially focusing this year on renegotiating the North American Free Trade Agreement and the United States’ free-trade pact with South Korea, Trump administration officials plan to pursue previous promises to investigate what they call Chinese theft of American intellectual property. Lawmakers also plan to intensify scrutiny of Chinese investments in sensitive areas of the American economy.
Mr. Trump hinted at coming tensions on those fronts on Thursday, saying he hoped to address “the chronic imbalance in our relationship as it pertains to trade.”
“This includes addressing China’s market access restrictions and technology transfer requirements,” he said, “which prevent American companies from being able to fairly compete within China.””
”BEIJING/SHANGHAI (Reuters) – President Donald Trump can return to the United States claiming to have snagged over $250 billion in deals from his maiden trip to Beijing. Whether those deals live up to the lofty price tag is another question altogether.
Watched by Trump and China’s President Xi Jinping at a signing ceremony in Beijing, U.S. planemaker Boeing Co, General Electric Co and chip giant Qualcomm Inc sealed lucrative multi-billion dollar deals.
“This is truly a miracle,” China’s Commerce Minister Zhong Shan said at a briefing in Beijing.
The quarter of a trillion dollar haul underscores how Trump is keen to be seen to address a trade deficit with the world’s second-largest economy that he has long railed against and called “shockingly high” on Thursday.
But U.S. businesses still have many long-standing concerns to complain about, including unfettered access to the China market, cybersecurity and the growing presence of China’s ruling Communist Party inside foreign firms.
William Zarit, chairman of the American Chamber of Commerce in China, said the deals pointed to “a strong, vibrant bilateral economic relationship” between the two countries.
“Yet we still need to focus on leveling the playing field, because U.S. companies continue to be disadvantaged doing business in China.”
U.S. tech companies like Facebook Inc and Google are mostly blocked in China. Automakers Ford Motor Co and General Motors must operate through joint ventures, while Hollywood movies face a strict quota system.
″(These deals) allow Trump to portray himself as a master dealmaker while distracting from a lack of progress on structural reforms to the bilateral trade relationship,” Hugo Brennan, Asia analyst at risk consultancy Verisk Maplecroft, said in a note.
Some huge deals were announced. Among them is a 20-year $83.7 billion investment by China Energy Investment Corp in shale gas developments and chemical manufacturing projects in West Virginia, a major energy-producing state that voted heavily for Trump in the 2016 election. [
“The massive size of this energy undertaking and level of collaboration between our two countries is unprecedented,” West Virginia Secretary of Commerce H. Wood Thrasher said in a statement.”
Frihandel i media vecka 28Juli 13, 2018 | Magnus Nilsson, Frihandelsbloggen
Kinas kommer inte ge sig, Kinas handelsöverskott ökar och fisk kan bli offer i handelskriget. Denna veckas pressklipp domineras av rapporter från fronten.
Kina kommer aldrig vika ner sig i handelskriget. Omni rapporterar:
”Kina backar inte undan i frihandelskonflikten sedan USA och president Donald Trump i en ny offensiv hotat med ytterligare tullar på varor för 200 miljarder dollar per år. Det skriver Bloomberg.
– Kina väjer icke för hotelser och utpressning. USA har ignorerat framsteg i förhandlingsprocessen och valt en ensidig och protektionistisk agenda. Man har dessutom startat detta handelskrig, säger Kinas vice handelsminister Wang Shouwen till nyhetsbyrån.
Shouwen kallar också USA för handelsmobbare och menar att agerandet kommer få konsekvenser för kinesiska likväl som amerikanska arbetare.”
Handelskrig är inte så lätta att vinna. CNBC citerar siffror som visar att USA:s handelsunderskott mot Kina ökar. Sanningen att säga har det riktiga handelskriget knappt kommit i gång, men siffrorna kommer spä på den politiska motsättningen i USA:
”China on Friday reported that its trade surplus with the U.S. grew to $28.97 billion in June, according to data from China’s customs office.
In May, the surplus had been $24.58 billion. The new surplus is the highest on record, according to Reuters calculations.
Overall, China said both its imports and exports with the U.S. rose in the first half of 2018.
Exports to the world’s largest economy rose 5.7 percent against the prior year-ago period in yuan terms, said the customs office. Imports from the U.S., meanwhile, correspondingly rose 4 percent.
The politically-sensitive data came amid escalating trade tensions between U.S. and China.
But China’s customs office said it will not put in place any special regulatory measures targeting American goods, and also will not delay the movements of these goods at ports.
President Donald Trump has consistently deemed trade with China unfair to America and has demanded that Beijing address the issue.
But, China’s trade surplus against the U.S. has grown even though the Asian country’s total surplus has narrowed over the last two years.”
Fisk kan bli offer i handelskriget skriver tidningen Butikstrender:
”Tonfisk och lax tillhör de kinesiska varor som nu inbegrips i handelskriget mellan Kina och USA.
I en ny lista idag listar USA importvaror till ett värd av 200 miljarder dollar som ska få nya tullar.
Bland dem finns alltså tonfisk och lax men även andra fisksorter.
Det har tidigare spekulerats i att norsk laxindustri kan tjäna på det uppblossande handelskriget mellan USA och Kina.
När de två ekonomiska stormakterna blockerar varandra kan Norge skörda marknadsandelar för lax, menar man.
Idag kom via Wall Street Journal en ny lista över vilka kinesiska varor som kommer att bli dryare när USA inför nya tullar.
På listan finns livsmedel som lax, tonfisk och andra fisksorter men även sådant som resväskor, handväskor och tv-apparater, enligt tidningen.
Tanken är att lägga avgifter på tio procent på de kinesiska varorna.
Kina svarar nu med samma metod och upprepar samtidigt hotet att stämma USA hos frihandelsorganisationen WTO.”